Sonargaon is a historical and archaeological site located in the Narayanganj district of Bangladesh. It was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Bengal and an important center of trade and commerce in the region. The name Sonargaon is derived from the words “Sunar Gan,” which means “golden village” in Bengali.
Sonargaon has a long and rich history dating back to the Pala Empire (750-1174 CE). It served as the capital of Bengal during the reigns of several Hindu and Buddhist rulers, and was an important center of Buddhist learning and culture. In the 13th century, Sonargaon became a major center of trade and commerce, and was known for its production of fine muslin cloth and other luxurious textiles.
During the Mughal period (1526-1857), Sonargaon became an important center of administration and was the seat of the Mughal governor of Bengal. The city was also home to many notable Mughal monuments, including the tomb of Sultan Giasuddin Azam Shah and the Mosque City of Bagerhat, which are both UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Today, Sonargaon is a popular tourist destination in Bangladesh, known for its rich cultural and historical heritage. The site is home to several ancient monuments, including the Goaldi Mosque, the Dhakeshwari Temple, and the Folk Art Museum, which showcase the city’s rich artistic and cultural traditions.